GENETICS Terms Amino Acid Arginine

 

- Info:

- Arginine chemical formula is C6H14N4O2.

- Arginine is non-essential amino acid which means that humans can synthesise it.

- Arginine 'R' group is -(CH2)3-NH-CNH-NH2, so it contains 3 nitrogen atoms (blue) at the other end of the molecule.

- Arginine is extremely useful in enhancing the immune system, and it increases the size and activity of the thymus

gland, which is responsible for manufacturing T lymphocytes also known as T-cells, which assist the immune system.

Arginine is therefore important for people suffering malignant diseases which suppress immune system like AIDS.

Arginine is used in pancreas to release insulin and in the pituitary gland it is a component of human growth hormone. Arginine is used in sexual stimulants for achieving longer and more intense orgasms.

Arginine assists in neutralizing ammonia in the liver.

Arginine is involved in the skin and connective tissue making it important in healing and repair of tissue as well as the

formation of collagen and building of new bone and tendons.

Arginine is found in seminal fluid and L-arginine is used in the treatment of male sexual health and has been used in the

treatment of sterility.

Arginine is required in muscle metabolism maintaining the nitrogen balance, and helping with weight control since it

facilitates the increase of muscle mass, while reducing body fat.

- Arginine interactive 3D model can be found at http://www.biotopics.co.uk/JmolApplet/argjdisplayhalos.html.

- Arginine 3D model was taken from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:L-arginine-3D-sticks.png.