GENETICS Terms Amino Acid Isoleucine

 

- Info:

- Isoleucine chemical formula is C6H13NO2.

- Isoleucine is essential amino acid which means that humans can't synthesise it.

- Isoleucine 'R' group is an iso butyl group (-C4H9): -CHCH3-CH2CH3.

- Isoleucine, as branched-chain-amino-acid, is needed for muscle metabolism, repair and growth of tissue and can be

used as an energy source in the muscles, preserving the use of glucose.

Isoleucine is needed for the formation of hemoglobin, assisting with regulation of blood sugar levels and energy levels

Isoleucine is involved in blood-clot formation.

- Isoleucine interactive 3D model can be found at http://www.biotopics.co.uk/JmolApplet/ilejdisplayhalos.html.

- Isoleucine 3D model was taken from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:L-isoleucine-3D-balls.png.