GENETICS Terms RNA

 

- Info:

- RNA stands for RiboNucleic Acid.

- RNA is very similar to DNA with following differences:

- RNA is single-stranded, while DNA is double-stranded.

- RNA nucleotides contain ribose while DNA contains deoxyribose (a type of ribose that lacks one oxygen atom)

- RNA has the base uracil instead thymine that is present in DNA.

- RNA is synthesised from DNA by enzymes called RNA polymerases in a process called transcription.

- RNA is used to synthesis proteins.

- Messenger RNA, also known as mRNA, carries information from DNA to structures called ribosomes.

Ribosomes are made from proteins and ribosomal RNAs, which come together to form a molecular machine that can

read messenger RNAs and translate the information they carry into proteins.