– Dead Sea Scrolls
- The Dead
Sea Scrolls are considered the greatest archaeological discovery of our time.
undermine the foundations of Judaism and Christianity.
- This info
is based on http://www.centuryone.com/25dssfacts.html.
– To New Testament:
- The most
important find about The Dead Sea Scrolls was what was not found.
community, which created scrolls, existed during the time of the ministry of
- But none
of the Scrolls refer to Jesus, his disciples or Christianity as hole.
suggest that this is proof that Jesus never existed since the only other
document that mentions Jesus "War
Jews and Romans" was shown to be created by the same author of New
Testament and therefore couldn't be
an independent source of Jesus existence.
- This is
by no means crucial evidence that Jesus was invented but rather one of many
arguments for such thesis.
– To Old Testament:
Scrolls have revolutionized textual criticism of the Old Testament.
now with manuscripts predating the medieval period, we find these texts in
substantial agreement with the
text as well as widely variant forms.
- The Dead
Sea Scrolls were discovered between 1947 and 1956.
- They were
discovered in 11 caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea.
is 13 miles east of Jerusalem, near the ancient ruins of Qumran, and is 1300
feet below sea level.
scrolls are most commonly made of animal skins, but also papyrus and one of
written with a carbon-based ink, from right to left, using no punctuation
except for an occasional paragraph
In fact, in some cases, there are not even spaces between the words.
Scrolls can be divided into two categories: biblical and non-biblical.
the scrolls present multiple copies of the same stories.
are the oldest group of Old Testament manuscripts ever found.
by Ezekiel, Jeremiah and Daniel not found in the Bible are written in the
contain never before seen psalms attributed to King David and Joshua.
scrolls contain previously unknown stories about biblical figures such as
Enoch, Abraham, and Noah.
of Abraham includes an explanation why God asked Abraham to sacrifice his only
Scrolls are mostly written in Hebrew, many were written in Aramaic and few were
written in Greek.
was the common language of the Jews of Palestine for the last two centuries
B.C. and first two centuries A.D.
Scrolls appear to be the library of a Jewish sect.
library was hidden away in caves around the outbreak of the First Jewish Revolt
(A.D. 66-70) against Roman.
- The Dead
Sea Scrolls were most likely written by the Essenes during the period from
about 200 B.C. to 68 C.E./A.D.
Essenes are mentioned by Josephus and in a few other sources, but not in the
Essenes were a strict Torah observant, Messianic, apocalyptic, baptist,
wilderness, new covenant Jewish sect.
led by a priest they called the "Teacher of Righteousness," who was
opposed and possibly killed by the
priesthood in Jerusalem.
enemies of the Qumran community were called the "Sons of Darkness";
they called themselves the "Sons of Light,"
poor," and members of "the Way." They thought of themselves as
"the holy ones," who lived in "the house of
because "the Holy Spirit" dwelt with them.
- The last
words of Joseph, Judah, Levi, Naphtali, and Amram (the father of Moses) are written
down in the Scrolls.