– Jewish War – Causes
- In 66,
the Roman emperor Nero needed money.
ordered his representative in Judaea, Gessius Florus, to confiscate it from the
governor was not amused when some Jewish jokers passed the hat around for 'our
poor procurator Florus'.
policemen could not find the mockers, he had some passersby arrested and
incident was the final trigger which led to war.
- The real
reason for the war was the impoverishment of the Jewish peasantry
years of Roman taxation made Jew peasants poor, many having to sell their
had become unemployed when the renovation of the temple was finished in 63.
priests were working hard to control peasant's anger but by this time most
people considered them corrupt.
of 66-70 was not only a war between the Romans and Jews; it was also a class
- At the
end of 64, there had been a comet which they saw as fulfillment of prophecy in
the book of Numbers (24.17).
predicted arrival of Messiah which is to lead them in the great war of
liberation, which gave them hope:
star shall come forth out of Jacob, a scepter shall rise out of Israel".