– Jewish War – Escalation
- In 66
Roman one of Roman garrisons in Jerusalem was annihilated.
was the son or the grandson of Judas the Galilean, who had led an anti-Roman
revolt in 6 CE.
was called Sicarians ('dagger men').
hailed their leader as king of the Jews and went to Jerusalem.
- In August
66, Menahem made a raid on the fortress of Masada, where he seized lots of
that they went to Jerusalem where they laid siege to the remaining Roman
Menahem executed high priest Ananias.
he went to the Temple, he was lynched by the supporters of Ananias' son.
left Jerusalem and returned to Masada, which they used as a base for a guerilla
war, until their defeat in 74.
September 66, the Romans in Jerusalem surrendered and were lynched.
the Greek inhabitants of Caesarea, which was capial of Judea, attacked their
replied in kind, expelling many Greeks from Judaea, Galilee and the Golan
Gessius Florus was replaced, the governor of Syria, Gaius Cestius Gallus, tried
to pacify the rebellious province.
XII legion,called Fulminata toward Jerusalem.
reinforced with units of III Gallica, IIII Scythica and VI Ferrata legions,
plus auxiliaries and allies.
liberated the pro-Roman capital of Galilee, Sepphoris, and continued to
November, the army was forced to return.
way back, Gaius was defeated by one of the leaders of the Zealots, Eleaser son
was added to the disgrace since the legion lost its standard.
- It was
clear that Romans would return with larger army.
many people left Jerusalem, leaving it in the hands of radicals.
those who went away, were the Jewish Christians.