– Identity – William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon – Biography
article is based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare
- "William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon" was an
English poet and playwright.
father was John Shakespeare, an alderman and a successful glover.
mother was Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer.
- He was
born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptized there on 26 April 1564.
actual birthdate remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, St
date, which can be traced back to an 18th-century scholar's mistake, has proved
appealing to biographers, since
died 23 April 1616.
- He was
the third child of eight and the eldest surviving son.
- At the
age of 18, Shakespeare married the 26-year-old Anne Hathaway.
months later Anne gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, baptised 26 May 1583.
son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed almost two years later and were
baptized 2 February 1585.
died of unknown causes at the age of 11 and was buried 11 August 1596.
- After the
birth of the twins, Shakespeare left few historical traces until he is
mentioned as part of the London theatre
1592, and scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as Shakespeare's
attack is the earliest surviving mention of Shakespeare’s career in the
is an upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger's heart
wrapped in a Player's hide, supposes
he is as
well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute
Johannes factotum, is in his
conceit the only Shake-scene in a country"
differ on the exact meaning of these words.
agree that Greene is accusing Shakespeare of reaching above his rank in trying
to match university-educated
such as Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Nashe and Greene himself (the
italicized phrase parodying the line "Oh, tiger's heart wrapped in a
woman's hide" from Shakespeare's Henry VI,
along with the pun "Shake-scene", identifies Shakespeare as Greene's
Johannes Factotum—"Jack of all trades"— means a second-rate tinkerer
with the work of others, rather than the
common "universal genius".
- More on Greene's attacks can be
found at http://www.fbrt.org.uk/pages/enigma/greene.html.
- In 1599,
company members built their own theatre on the south bank of the River Thames,
called the Globe.
- In 1608,
the partnership also took over the Blackfriars indoor theatre.
of Shakespeare's property purchases and investments indicate that the company
made him a wealthy man.
- In 1597,
he bought the second-largest house in Stratford, New Place, and in 1605, he
invested in a share of the parish
150 years after Shakespeare's death, doubts began to be expressed about the
authorship of his works.
alternative candidates include:
de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
- Only a
small minority of academics believe there is reason to question the traditional